Based on agreements, the Indiana Supreme Court suspended 3 judges for injudicious conduct that culminated in a verbal altercation, a physical altercation, and gunfire outside a White Castle restaurant. In the Matter of Adams, Jacobs, and Bell (Indiana Supreme Court November 12, 2019).
On the evening of April 30, 2019, Judge Andrew Adams, Judge Bradley Jacobs, and Judge Sabrina Bell traveled to Indianapolis to attend the Spring Judicial College the next day. After checking into their hotel rooms, they spent the evening socializing with other judicial officers and drinking alcoholic beverages.
Around 12:30 a.m. on May 1, the judges and a magistrate met at a bar, where they continued to drink. Around 3:00 a.m., the group walked to a strip club and tried to enter, but found that it was closed.
The group then walked to a White Castle. While the magistrate went inside, the judges stood outside. Around 3:17 a.m., Alfredo Vazquez and Brandon Kaiser drove past and shouted something out the window. Judge Bell extended her middle finger to Vazquez and Kaiser.
Vazquez and Kaiser pulled into the White Castle parking lot and exited the vehicle. There was a “heated verbal altercation . . . , with all participants yelling, using profanity, and making dismissive, mocking, or insolent gestures toward the other group.” The judges did not “de-escalate the conflict” or avoid a confrontation by moving to another location in the parking lot,
After a verbal exchange between Judge Bell and Vazquez, there was a physical confrontation. At one point, Judge Jacobs had Kaiser on the ground, raised his fist raised back, and said, “Okay, okay, we’re done, we’re done,” or “This is over. Tell me this is over,” or words to that effect. At another point, Judge Adams kicked Kaiser in the back. Judge Bell made several attempts to stop the fighting, including seeking help by pounding on the door of the White Castle. The confrontation ended when Kaiser pulled out a gun, shot Judge Adams once in the abdomen and shot Judge Jacobs twice in the chest. Judge Bell immediately called 911.
Judge Adams and Judge Jacobs were transported to local hospitals. Judge Adams had 2 emergency surgeries, including a colon re-sectioning. Judge Jacobs had 2 emergency surgeries and was hospitalized for 14 days.
Upon admission to the hospital, Judge Adams’s serum blood alcohol level was 0.213 (or approximately 0.157 using whole blood), and Judge Jacobs’s was 0.177 (or approximately 0.13 using whole blood). Judge Bell’s blood alcohol level was not tested, but she was intoxicated enough that she does not remember the incident.
In her statements at the police station, Judge Bell said that she does not remember what she said to Vazquez or Kaiser or what started the physical altercations. After being informed that police had video of the incident, Judge Bell remarked that
- “I’m afraid that I said something to them first, I don’t know.”
- “[W]e’re all very good friends and they’re very protective of me. And I don’t know, and I’m afraid that I said something to those two strange men at first, and then they said something back to me. And then I said something and then [Judge Adams and Judge Jacobs] went to defend me.”
- “I’m not denying that I said something or egged it on … because I drink … I mean I fully acknowledge that I drink and get mouthy, and I’m fiery and I’m feisty, but if I would have ever thought for a second that they were gonna fight or that that guy had a gun on him, I would never, never …”
A grand jury indicted Judge Adams on 7 counts of battery and disorderly conduct. The grand jury also investigated Judge Jacobs, but no criminal charges were filed against him. The Court suspended Judge Adams from the bench. On September 9, Judge Adams pleaded guilty to misdemeanor battery resulting in bodily injury. All other charges were dismissed, and Judge Adams was sentenced to 365 days in jail, with 363 days suspended.
The Court held that the judges’ “actions were not merely embarrassing on a personal level; they discredited the entire Indiana judiciary.” The Court concluded:
While in town to attend a statewide educational conference for judicial officers, 10 hours before the program convened, Respondents walked the streets of downtown Indianapolis in a heavily intoxicated state. When Judge Bell extended her middle finger to a passing vehicle, neither Judge Adams nor Judge Jacobs discouraged the provocation or removed themselves from the situation. Instead, all three Respondents joined in a profane verbal altercation that quickly turned into physical violence and ended in gunfire, and in doing so, gravely undermined public trust in the dignity and decency of Indiana’s judiciary.
The Court suspended Judge Adams for 60 days without pay and Judge Jacobs and Judge Bell for 30 days without pay.