Several reporters have called the Center for Judicial Ethics to ask how many judges have been removed for domestic violence since the arrest of Judge Mark Fuller, U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, on battery charges for allegedly beating his wife in an Atlanta hotel room and his subsequent plea agreement to pre-trial diversion.
No federal judges have been removed or even impeached for domestic violence, although it is not clear whether that means it is not considered an impeachable defense or whether the question has not arisen because no other federal judge has been charged with domestic violence or any judges so charged have resigned or retired before impeachment could be considered. The Federal Judicial Center has a list of impeachments. There have been 15 impeachments of federal judges in the country’s 225 years; only eight led to conviction and removal; four of the other judges were acquitted, and three resigned so the articles of impeachment were dismissed. The Center is not aware of any cases in which federal judges have been publicly disciplined for domestic violence. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit has ordered that all cases pending before Judge Fuller be immediately re-assigned to other judges and that no new legal matter be assigned to him. According to news reports, Judge Fuller has been asked to explain his conduct to the Chief Judge, and a nine-judge committee has been appointed to handle the investigation, the first steps in the federal judicial discipline process.
There have been state judges or former judges publicly disciplined for domestic violence, although none have been removed, at least in the last 24 years. A list of those cases is below.
The Georgia Judicial Qualifications Commission, with the consent of the judge, made public the fact that it had privately reprimanded a judge but not the content of the reprimand. The report of disposition states that the Commission matter originated with media reports that the judge had been arrested based on allegations he engaged in a physical altercation with his wife. Subsequently, the judge and the special prosecutor agreed that the charges would be dismissed based upon his pre-trial diversion agreement to attend marital and stress counseling. In re Weaver, Report of Disposition (Georgia Judicial Qualifications Commission July 18, 2012) (www.gajqc.com/news.cfm).
Based on a stipulation and the judge’s consent, the Nevada Commission on Judicial Discipline publicly censured a former judge for committing domestic battery against his now ex-wife and having been convicted of the charge arising from the incident; the Commission also prohibited him from seeking and accepting judicial office in Nevada for four years. He lost his re-election bid. In the Matter of Abbatangelo, Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law, Consent Order of Discipline (Nevada Commission on Judicial Discipline March 30, 2011) (http://judicial.state.nv.us/Finding%20of%20Fact–Abbatangelo%202011.pdf).
The Ohio Supreme Court suspended a judge’s license to practice for one year, but stayed the suspension with conditions, for two convictions of disorderly conduct because of physical altercations with his girlfriend. Disciplinary Counsel v. Russo, 923 N.E.2d 144 (Ohio 2010).
Adopting the presentment of the Advisory Committee on Judicial Conduct to which the judge had consented, the New Jersey Supreme Court censured a former judge for domestic violence and causing a motor vehicle accident while driving in an intoxicated condition. In the Matter of Paragano, Order (New Jersey Supreme Court January 30, 2007).
Approving a consent to censure based on stipulated facts, the Oregon Supreme Court publicly censured a judge who had pled guilty to assault for recklessly causing physical injury to his wife and entered into the domestic violence deferred sentencing program. In re Moultrie, 139 P.3d 955 (Oregon 2006).
Based on an agreed statement of facts and joint recommendation, the New York State Commission on Judicial Conduct determined that censure was the appropriate sanction for a part-time judge who had angrily confronted his wife, waved a knife close to her throat, and threatened to run her through. In the Matter of Roepe, Determination (New York State Commission on Judicial Conduct June 27, 2001) (www.scjc.state.ny.us/).
The Washington Supreme Court censured a former judge and suspended him from office until the end of his term for intentionally striking or pushing his wife, causing her to fall. The court also ordered that the judge complete a domestic violence program before he could serve in any future judicial capacity. In the Matter of Turco, 970 P.2d 731 (Washington 1999).
Pursuant to a stipulation in which the judge admitted the allegations of the complaint filed by the Judicial Commission, acknowledged that he had no defense to those allegations, and agreed that the court might impose an appropriate sanction, the Wisconsin Supreme Court publicly reprimanded a former judge for battering his wife and causing her bodily harm. The judge had run for re-election after the conduct had occurred and was defeated. In the Matter of Crivello, 564 N.W.2d 785 (Wisconsin 1997).
In a stipulation and agreement between the Washington State Commission on Judicial Conduct and a judge who had twice intentionally struck and caused bodily harm to his then-spouse and entered a plea of guilty to two counts of assault, the judge agreed and stipulated to resign and terminate his judicial duties no later than December 1, 1993. He also agreed not to seek or serve in any judicial office in Washington unless the Supreme Court granted a petition for reinstatement of eligibility. In re Perkins, Stipulation and Agreement (Washington State Commission on Judicial Conduct October 21, 1993) (www.cjc.state.wa.us).